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Fraser Fir

Abies fraseri

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Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri) at Bachman's Landscaping

Abies fraseri

Abies fraseri

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri) at Bachman's Landscaping

Abies fraseri foliage

Abies fraseri foliage

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  35 feet

Spread:  20 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  4

Other Names:  Southern Fir

Description:

A popular Christmas tree in the South, this tall evergreen tree is valued for its spire-like shape, but it's not for every location; avoid windy, dry sites

Ornamental Features

Fraser Fir has dark green foliage. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The smooth gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Fraser Fir is an evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a high maintenance tree that will require regular care and upkeep, and usually looks its best without pruning, although it will tolerate pruning. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Fraser Fir is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Vertical Accent

Planting & Growing

Fraser Fir will grow to be about 35 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a low canopy, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers to grow in moist to wet soil, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is particular about its soil conditions, with a strong preference for sandy, acidic soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is native to parts of North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Characteristics
Articulation 
Applications
Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features