Plant Library

tree

Bur Oak

Quercus macrocarpa

Add To My Wish List

print page
Bur Oak (Quercus macrocarpa) at Bachman's Landscaping

Quercus macrocarpa

Quercus macrocarpa

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Bur Oak (Quercus macrocarpa) at Bachman's Landscaping

Quercus macrocarpa in winter

Quercus macrocarpa in winter

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Bur Oak (Quercus macrocarpa) at Bachman's Landscaping

Quercus macrocarpa in fall

Quercus macrocarpa in fall

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  80 feet

Spread:  80 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  2

Other Names:  Mossycup Oak

Description:

The hardiest of the oaks, this shade tree is singularly majestic, with its picturesque wide-spreading habit of growth and gnarled branches, best for larger landscapes; extremely tough and adaptable but relatively slow growing, plant for future generations

Ornamental Features

Bur Oak has dark green foliage throughout the season. The glossy lobed leaves turn coppery-bronze in fall. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. However, the fruit can be messy in the landscape and may require occasional clean-up. The furrowed black bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Bur Oak is a dense deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage.

This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting squirrels to your yard. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Messy

Bur Oak is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Shade

Planting & Growing

Bur Oak will grow to be about 80 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 80 feet. It has a high canopy of foliage that sits well above the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 300 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is native to parts of North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Shade 
Applications
Bark  Winter Value  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features